Connect Model United Nations

Connect Model United Nations

QUESTIONS TO CONSIDER
1.   To what extent should the Western powers intervene in the growing conflict?
2.   What can the UN do to prevent human rights violations during this period of
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unrest?
3.   Can Kirkuk and surrounding lands be allowed to be drawn into the Iraqi Kurdistan
Region, bearing in mind different bloc opinions?
4.   What can be done to prevent the fracturing of Iraq into The Islamic State and an
independent Kurdish nation?
5.   Do the actions of the ISIS amount to war crimes?
6.   How can Iraqi cultural heritages be better protected?
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Endnotes
1   “How the British Divided Up the Arab World.” Lost Islamic History. http://
lostislamichistory.com/how-the-british-divided-up-the-arab-world/ (accessed June 30,
2014).
2   Dresner, Jonathan. “Cold War Proxy Wars.” World History. http://dresnerworld.
edublogs.org/resources/handouts/cold-war-proxy-wars/ (accessed July 20, 2014).
3   The Economist. “What is the difference between Sunni and Shia Muslims?.” The
Economist. http://www.economist.com/blogs/economist-explains/2013/05/economist-explains-19 (accessed July 20, 2014).
4   Gerges, Fawaz. “Nieman Reports | Understanding the Many Faces of Islamism
and Jihadism.” Nieman Reports. http://www.nieman.harvard.edu/reports/article/100207/
Understanding-the-Many-Faces-of-Islamism-and-Jihadism.aspx (accessed June 30,
2014).
5   Asharq Al Awsat. “The al-Assad’s Syria: A history of violence.”. http://www.
aawsat.net/2012/03/article55242799 (accessed June 30, 2014).
6   Ibid.
7   Firstpost. “Timeline: Tracking ISIS’ onslaught in Iraq over the last two weeks.”
http://www.firstpost.com/world/timeline-tracking-isis-onslaught-in-iraq-over-the-last-two-weeks-1585907.html (accessed July 20, 2014).
8   PressTV. “US sends Green Berets to northern Iraq.” PressTV. http://www.presstv.
ir/detail/2014/07/04/369854/us-sends-green-berets-to-northern-iraq/ (accessed July 20,
2014).
9   Tran, Mark. “Kurds withdraw support, leaving Iraq without a president.”
theguardian.com. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jul/11/kurds-withdraw-support-iraqi-government-without-president (accessed July 20, 2014).
10   Arango, Tim, and Suadad Al-salhy. “Iraq Picks New President to Confront Militant
Threat.” The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/25/world/middleeast/
iraq-president-fouad-massoum.html?_r=0 (accessed July 26, 2014).
11   Arango, Tim. “Maliki Agrees to Relinquish Power in Iraq.” The New York Times.
August 14, 2014. (accessed August 14, 2014).
12   Rudaw. “Kurdistan Seeks UN Help for Kirkuk Referendum.” Rudaw. http://rudaw.
net/english/kurdistan/29062014 (accessed June 30, 2014).
13   Albayrak, Ayla. “Turkish Government Seeks to Advance Talks With Kurds Ahead
of Elections.” The Wall Street Journal. http://online.wsj.com/articles/turkish-government-seeks-to-advance-talks-with-kurds-ahead-of-elections-1403787599 (accessed June 30,
2014).
14   UN News Centre. “As Iraq’s insurgency spreads beyond Mosul, UN rights chief
‘alarmed’ by reported abuses.”. http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=48039#.
U7Ej5vldW3g (accessed June 30, 2014).
15   Al-Shibeeb, Dina. “ISIS likely to implement FGM fatwa.”. http://english.alarabiya.
net/en/News/middle-east/2014/07/25/Iraq-NGO-ISIS-likely-to-implement-FGM-fatwa.html
(accessed July 26, 2014).
16   Malas, Nour. “Jihadists in Iraq Erase Cultural Heritage.” The Wall Street Journal.
http://online.wsj.com/articles/jihadists-in-iraq-erase-cultural-heritage-1406313661
(accessed July 26, 2014).
17   CBC/Radio Canada. “Oil at 9-month high as Iraq’s insurgency spreads.”
CBCnews. http://www.cbc.ca/news/business/oil-at-9-month-high-as-iraq-s-insurgency-
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spreads-1.2674668 (accessed June 30, 2014).
18   UN Iraq. “UN Casualty Figures for June 2014.”. http://www.uniraq.org/index.
php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=2155:un-casualty-figures-for-june-2014-the-highest-number-of-civilian-casualties-in-2014-anbar-province-excluded&Itemid=633&lang=en
(accessed July 2, 2014).
19   UNSC. “Taliban, Al-Qaida, Sanctions Committee, United Nations 1267
Committee, Resolution 1267.” UN News Center. http://www.un.org/sc/committees/1267/
(accessed July 3, 2014).
20   Gladstone, Rick, and Dan Bilefsky. “Insurgency in Iraq Widens Rivals’ Rift.” The
New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/19/world/middleeast/iran-iraq.html
(accessed June 30, 2014).
21   Tran, Mark. “Kurds withdraw support, leaving Iraq without a president.”
theguardian.com. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jul/11/kurds-withdraw-support-iraqi-government-without-president (accessed July 20, 2014).
22   Faqie, Nuwar. “US working to find Maliki replacement | BAS NEWS.” US working
to find Maliki replacement | BAS NEWS. http://basnews.com/en/News/Details/US-working-to-find-Maliki-replacement/26569 (accessed July 12, 2014).
23   Arango, Tim. “Maliki Agrees to Relinquish Power in Iraq.” The New York Times.
August 14, 2014. (accessed August 14, 2014).
24   Arango, Tim, and Suadad Al-salhy. “Iraq Picks New President to Confront Militant Threat.” The New York Times. http://
www.nytimes.com/2014/07/25/world/middleeast/iraq-president-fouad-massoum.html?_
r=0 (accessed July 26, 2014).
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WORKS CITED
“How the British Divided Up the Arab World.” Lost Islamic History. http://
lostislamichistory.com/how-the-british-divided-up-the-arab-world/ (accessed June 30,
2014).
Dresner, Jonathan. “Cold War Proxy Wars.” World History. http://dresnerworld.edublogs.
org/resources/handouts/cold-war-proxy-wars/ (accessed July 20, 2014).
Gerges, Fawaz. “Nieman Reports | Understanding the Many Faces of Islamism and
Jihadism.” Nieman Reports. http://www.nieman.harvard.edu/reports/article/100207/
Understanding-the-Many-Faces-of-Islamism-and-Jihadism.aspx (accessed June 30,
2014).
Al Jazeera. “Timeline: The Syrian revolt.” – Empire. http://www.aljazeera.com/
programmes/empire/2013/01/201313092236800691.html (accessed June 30, 2014).
Asharq Al Awsat. “The al-Assad’s Syria: A history of violence.”. http://www.aawsat.
net/2012/03/article55242799 (accessed June 30, 2014).
Hawramy, Fazel. “Isis militants kidnap Turkish diplomats after seizing consulate in
Mosul.” theguardian.com. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jun/11/isis-militants-kidnap-turkish-diplomats-consulate-mosul-iraq (accessed June 30, 2014).
Morse, Andrew. “U.N. Says Over 1,000 Killed in Iraq Insurgency.” The Wall
Street Journal. http://online.wsj.com/articles/u-n-says-over-1-000-killed-in-iraq-insurgency-1403624978 (accessed June 30, 2014).
Dorell, Oren. “Iraq militants announce new Islamic state.” USA Today. http://www.
usatoday.com/story/news/world/2014/06/29/iraq-tikrit-maliki-insurgents/11702819/
(accessed June 30, 2014).
Chulov, Martin. “Iran sends troops into Iraq to aid fight against Isis militants.”
theguardian.com. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jun/14/iran-iraq-isis-fight-militants-nouri-maliki (accessed June 30, 2014).
Al-Sanjary, Ziad, and Susan Heavey. “U.S. considers air strikes on Iraq, holds talks
with Iran.” Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/06/16/us-iraq-security-idUSKBN0EP0KJ20140616

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