EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE & APPLIED NURSING RESEARCH

 

Competency 724.8.1: Primary Research – The graduate recognizes basic scientific research concepts and techniques, appreciates the ethics of nursing research, recognizes researchable questions, uses evaluative skills to critique current nursing research, and identifies statistical types.

Competency 724.8.2: Translation of Research Evidence and Evidence Summary –

The graduate applies concepts of nursing research to clinical practice situations, conducts reviews of the literature in relation to therapeutic approaches, and recognizes the importance of theoretical models in nursing practice or research.

SUBDOMAIN 724.8 – EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE & APPLIED NURSING RESEARCH
Competency 724.8.1: Primary Research – The graduate recognizes basic scientific
research concepts and techniques, appreciates the ethics of nursing research, recognizes
researchable questions, uses evaluative skills to critique current nursing research, and
identifies statistical types.
Competency 724.8.2: Translation of Research Evidence and Evidence Summary –
The graduate applies concepts of nursing research to clinical practice situations, conducts
reviews of the literature in relation to therapeutic approaches, and recognizes the
importance of theoretical models in nursing practice or research.
Objectives:
724.8.1-01: Critique an original research report for a nursing research article to determine
how the researcher addresses the five areas of a research report.
724.8.1-02: Assess the strength of evidence presented in a given literature source on a
specified topic.
724.8.1-03: Recognize what ethical issues may arise while conducting a nursing research
study.
724.8.1-04: Recommend an appropriate type of research for a given nursing practice
purpose.
724.8.1-05: Develop an annotated bibliography of nursing research articles that address a
given evidence-based practice issue.
724.8.1-06: Identify types of statistically based tools commonly reported in evidence
summaries from nursing research.
724.8.2-01: Use a given preconstructed expert search strategy to locate primary research
in a specified major bibliographic database.
724.8.2-02: Identify the key criteria for a well developed evidence summary.
724.8.2-03: Explain why it is important to use a theoretical model for nursing research or
practice.
724.8.2-04: Conduct an in-depth review of specified current peer-reviewed research
articles to evaluate the efficacy of a specified therapeutic approach to a given clinical
practice problem.
724.8.2-05: Recommend a practical application of a given theoretical model based on a
review of current research.
724.8.2-06: Evaluate nursing care or management implications of a specified therapeutic
nursing intervention based on a review of relevant literature.

Introduction:
Peer-reviewed research reports are reports reviewed by other credible experts in the field.
Nursing, as a profession, uses peer-reviewed primary research reports to make credible and
evidence-based practice implications and recommendations in the clinical area.
In this task, you will collect and analyze 10 research reports (primary research evidence) on
one topic of interest to you in nursing practice or healthcare.

Task 1 (requires approximately 20-25 pages):
A. Select piece of primary research (original research reports) from a research journal that
has nursing implications and critique the article (suggested length of 2–3 pages) by
doing the following:
Note: Please notice that you can collect 10 research reports first and then select one of
those to complete aspect A of this task.
1. Identify the article you have chosen in an APA-formatted citation.
2. Design a visual representation (e.g., graph or chart) to show how the researcher
addressed the five areas of a research report (background information or
introduction, review of the literature, discussion of methodology, specific data
analysis, and conclusion).
Note: You may use the following table.
3. Based on your analysis of the five areas, assess whether the evidence presented in
the research report supports the researcher’s conclusion.
4. Discuss ethical issues that may have arisen for the researcher while conducting the
research for the article.

5. Discuss the type of research used for the study.
a. Explain whether or not other types of research would have been appropriate in
the same situation.

B. Conduct a literature search to evaluate nursing care or management implications of a
nursing intervention by doing the following:
1. Discuss evidence for a nursing care or management problem.
2. Complete the attached matrix to list 10 primary research sources, in APA format,
from scholarly journal sources you locate in major medical databases (e.g., CINAHL,
PubMed, MedLine, or a hard copy journal).

Note: In aspect B you should gather 9 more pieces of similar research on the same
topic as in aspect A so you have a total of 10 pieces of primary research to make a
practice implication (a minimum of 8 authors should be used).
Note: You have access to major medical databases within the WGU Library.
A1 Article: (indicate primary evidence chosen by way of an APA citation)
A2 Background or
Introduction
A2 Review of the
Literature
A2 Discussion of
Methodology
A2 Data Analysis
A2 Researcher’s
conclusion

Note: You may submit your completed matrix as a separate attachment to the task
or you may include the matrix within your paper.

Note: Credible sources may include professional journals, research reports,
professional Web sites, governmental reports, and presentations from professional
meetings. Primary research articles must not be more than ten years old.

3. Conduct a review of the 10 peer-reviewed research articles in which you do the
following:
a. Develop an annotated bibliography (suggested length of 2–3 pages) of the
articles.
Note: An annotated bibliography is one that includes not only a brief summary of
content for each book or article reviewed, but also contains other relevant
comments and information that the candidate believes can be of help for future
study. See Web Links below for more information on annotated bibliographies.
b. Discuss whether the researchers’ evidence collected is adequate to make a
recommendation for a practice change.
c. Identify whether the researchers chose tools that were similar or different.
d. Discuss whether you believe the tools the researchers chose could have affected
their results.
4. Develop an evidence summary of the articles, identifying at least two key criteria
that were used to develop it.
5. Recommend a specific nursing strategy based on the researcher’s recommendations
and evidence you found in your review.
6. Explain why you believe it is important to use a theoretical model for nursing
research.

C. When you use sources, include all in-text citations and references in APA format.

Note: For definitions of terms commonly used in the rubric, see the attached Rubric Terms.

Note: When using sources to support ideas and elements in a paper or project, the
submission MUST include APA formatted in-text citations with a corresponding reference list
for any direct quotes or paraphrasing. It is not necessary to list sources that were consulted
if they have not been quoted or paraphrased in the text of the paper or project.
Note: No more than a combined total of 30% of a submission can be directly quoted or
closely paraphrased from sources, even if cited correctly. For tips on using APA style, please
refer to the APA Handout web link included in the General Instructions section.
Task 2 (Requires approximately 5-10 pages)

EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE & APPLIED NURSING RESEARCH

Competency 724.8.3: Research Integration – The graduate recognizes the significance of applying research in evidence-based practice, recognizes sources of evidence, and applies ethical principles to evidence-based practice research.
Competency 724.8.4: Outcome Evaluation – The graduate recognizes barriers to evidence-based practice and applies an evidence-based framework to promote safe and reliable healthcare.

Introduction:

For this assessment, you will select a nursing admission/assessment or patient care/preparation process or procedure (e.g., routine shaving of the surgical site) that is commonly found in your practice setting that you and your colleagues question. You will gather evidence to determine the basis for this process or procedure, provide suggestions based on evidence on how this process or procedure should be changed, and determine possible barriers to implementation of a revised clinical practice guideline.

Requirements:

A. Describe a nursing admission/assessment or patient care/preparation process or procedure currently found in your practice setting.

Note: You must choose a process or procedure that was already in place and you can recommend changes to.

1. Discuss why the present process or procedure needs to be changed, based on the evidence you have gathered.

2. Based on your initial investigation of the situation, do the following:

Note: You may need to ask workplace personnel to complete the following.

a. Explain who determined the basis for the current process or procedure in your practice setting.

b. Explain the decision makers’ rationale for instituting or supporting the current process or procedure.

c. Explain why the decision makers decided to implement the current process or procedure.

3. Recommend a practice change for the process or procedure you selected.

a. List five relevant and credible sources to support your suggested practice change.

Note: Credible sources are less than five years old and may include professional journals, research reports, professional websites, governmental reports, current texts less than five years old, and presentations from professional meetings.

4. Explain the clinical implications your recommended change might have on patients, based on the relevant and credible sources you listed in part A3a.

5. Explain the implications your recommended change might have on the practice setting, based on the relevant and credible sources you listed in part A3a.

6. Discuss how you would involve key stakeholders in the decision to change the process or procedure or to comply with the recommended change.

B. Write an essay (suggested length of 2–3 pages) in which you do the following:

1. Discuss the specific barriers you may encounter in applying research to processes and procedures in your practice setting.

Note: You should distinguish between difficulties you would have interpreting what the research says and synthesizing it into a practice guideline or procedure, rather than just the outside barriers to change.

2. Identify at least two strategies that you and your team could use to overcome the barriers you discussed in part B1.

3. Explain how you would implement your recommended process or procedure based on research findings.

C. When you use sources, include all in-text citations and references in APA format.

Note: For definitions of terms commonly used in the rubric, see the Rubric Terms web link included in the Evaluation Procedures section.

Note: When using sources to support ideas and elements in an assessment, the submission MUST include APA formatted in-text citations with a corresponding reference list for any direct quotes or paraphrasing. It is not necessary to list sources that were consulted if they have not been quoted or paraphrased in the text of the assessment.

Note: No more than a combined total of 30% of a submission can be directly quoted or closely paraphrased from outside sources, even if cited correctly. For tips on using APA style, please refer to the APA Handout web link included in the APA Guidelines section.
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