‘Cheating’ or ‘Sharing? Academic Ethics Across Cultures Presenter Opal Leman Baristas Institute for Study Abroad Butler University In cooperation with and with resources compiled by Anne Haynes Crock Institute for International Peace Studies University Of Notre Dame CARGO Conference, Orlando, FL, March 2008 Center for Academic Integrity Clemson University Rutland Institute for Ethics “Academic integrity is a fundamental value of teaching, learning and scholarship.
Yet, there is growing evidence that students cheat and plagiarism. ” Research from the ; On most US college campuses, over 75% of students admit to some cheating. Internet plagiarism: in 1999, 41% in 2001. ; Majority of students (68%): “not a serious issue. ” ; Cheating: from in 1963 to 49% in 1993 (self-reported state universities) ; US high schools: 74% – serious test cheating ; 72% – serious cheating on written assignments ; Over half – some level of plagiarism on written assignments using the Internet.Common Examples of Academic Dishonesty ; Copying answers from another ; Unapproved collaboration ; using notes or assistance of some sort during exams ; Submitting one’s own work for multiple assignments ; Claiming another’s work as ones w n Plagiarism as a Cultural Construct Oxford English Dictionary definition of plagiarism: “to take and use another person’s ideas as one’s own.
” Question: Is plagiarism always synonymous with cheating?Cultural Values, Plagiarism, and Fairness: When Plagiarism Gets in the Way of Learning, written by Hayes J N and Intro L, Ethics & Behavior, 2005, Volvo.
15, NO. 3: pages 213-231 ‘Plagiarism’ & ‘Cheating’ in Cross-cultural Perspective Russia & Eastern Europe ; Sharing notes, talking in class OK- not hidden ; Goal is to bring the whole class level up ; Bribes routinely expected for grades Germany Sharing of answers common, but understood as student vs.. Cheer; not sharing is social taboo Mexico ; Sharing is common, but students will deny ; Professors do not expect citations in paper Costa Rica ; Teamwork the rule in personal and academic life, including supporting those who do not contribute to the group ‘Plagiarism’